Archive for January, 2010
Ever have a hard time remembering that certain shortcut in Photoshop? What about Illustrator? InDesign? The Adobe Shortcut App provides a clean and organized list of shortcuts for most of Adobe’s popular products, such as Illustrator, Photoshop, InDesign, and Flash. One of the great features of the application is the ability to toggle between shortcuts on PC and Mac versions of Adobe software. Additionally, the application also provides link to PDF shortcut cheat sheets for each application included in the desktop application. A product demo and download can be found here.
The Adobe AIR Runtime is required to run this program.
For those who may not want the application, but are still interested in the cheat sheets, here are the links to each respective program’s PDF file:
- Adobe Illustrator – PC | MAC
- Adobe Photoshop – PC | MAC
- Adobe InDesign – PC | MAC
- Adobe Flash – PC | MAC
- Adobe Dreamweaver – PC | MAC
- Adobe SoundBooth – PC | MAC
- Adobe Fireworks – PC | MAC (PC users download MAC version and substitute apple key with ctrl)
- Adobe Contribute – PC | MAC
- Adobe After Effects – PC | MAC
- Adobe Premiere – PC | MAC
- Adobe Encore – PC | MAC
- Adobe Acrobat – PC | MAC
With the release of Adobe’s CS4 lineup, one of the new features in many of the applications have a feature for the user interface known as Workspaces. Workspaces are pre-configured perspectives with a handful of windows and panels that pertain to the theme of the workspace. By using and understanding workspaces, you have the potential of increasing overall productivity with the preset workspaces included in all of Adobe’s applications.
The default workspace set up on each Adobe application is the Essentials workspace. Most novice to intermediate users that are creating a project for a class or maybe for their own products (such as labels, tags, etc.) can easily be satisfied with the Essentials workspace, but for those who may be more savvy, or at least prone to working with more than one Adobe application, workspaces in Illustrator CS4 such as Like InDesign or Like Photoshop. Each of these workspaces resemble the respective applications in their titles and make it easier for a user to switch back and forth or transition from one application to the next.
For those using an application for something more specific and narrowed down, such as Adobe Illustrator for a typography oriented project, Adobe has provided users with more specific workspaces such as Printing and Proofing and Typography. These workspaces are designed with the said specific project in mind. The nice thing with workspaces is that they can be changed at any time and are fully customizable.
If a designer has a specific way they work on a wide range of projects that gives them the tools and panels necessary in a more comfortable and productive manner, they have the ability of creating a custom workspace by saving their current panel setup and giving it a name. For example, if I created a workspace for a trendy product label that utilizes the Brushes, Color, Swatches, and a handful of other panels, all I have to do is go under the workspace selector and click on Save Workspace. I will then be prompted to give my workspace a name. I’d name it something along the lines of Label Workspace or Label Project to remember the workspace’s intended purpose. If I create too many workspaces and would like to remove a few of them, I would go under the Manage Workspaces option under the workspace selector to remove (or add more) custom workspaces.
Workspaces in the Adobe CS4 lineup are not only a good way to transition and/or give emphasis to certain tasks, but they are also great at learning some of the new (or newly discovered) features that Adobe has to offer in their current suite. By creating and managing your own workspaces, you’ll never lose that custom workspace you’ve adopted as your own default workspace ever again! Happy designing.
If you’re an independent handmade crafter who runs their own website, or create web graphics, understanding the concept and nature of RGB color in relation to hexadecimal numbers can make a world of difference when choosing the right colors or understanding how web colors work. Furthermore, understanding that there is a difference between CMYK color and RGB color can help any designer prevent any potential mistakes they may make if they don’t convert to CMYK before printing. Below is our take on understanding RGB color values, when to use them, and a basic understanding of their relationship with hexadecimal numbers. if you have any questions, please feel free to leave a comment.
What is RGB?
RGB color is the spectrum of visible colors that are emitted by a computer monitor. In other words, RGB is a light based mode of color. RGB color is best used for computer or digital graphics for websites, digital publications, desktop wallpapers, and icons. Typically, RGB based images are not intended for print media as color limitations and resolution are typical culprits for bad prints when using RGB color. Images in RGB usually have a resolution of 72 pixels per inch (ppi), where 300 is the accepted standard minimum for print media.
RGB color is also considered additive colors, meaning that more light must be added to produce a color closer to white (all light). In order to understand the nature of additive color, let’s observe RGB color values from hexadecimal and RGB number perspectives.
Understanding Hexadecimal Numbers
Many of you are familiar with hexadecimal colors for web design and maybe some graphic design projects, but may not have a grasp of how the numbering system works or what it means. Think of hexadecimal numbers as an extended version of the decimal system we use today. The decimal system consists of numbers 0-9. After reaching the number 9, we start over by adding a 1 as a new digit and resetting the first digit to 0 in order to start the process over again, giving us the number 10. Hexadecimal works in a very similar way, except the numbers extend from 0-9 to 0-F. The decimal numbers 10-15 are replaced with letters A-F, therefore changing the values of what are commonly recognized as decimal numbers into numbers with a larger value. Here is a list of all the numbers in the hexadecimal numerology along with their decimal equivalents:
- 0 = 0
- 1 = 1
- 2 = 2
- 3 = 3
- 4 = 4
- 5 = 5
- 6 = 6
- 7 = 7
- 8 = 8
- 9 = 9
- A = 10
- B = 11
- C = 12
- D = 13
- E = 14
- F = 15
To clarify, what looks like the decimal number 10 in hexadecimal translates to the number 16 in decimal. Again, this is because the last number in a digit in hexadecimal has a value of 15 rather than 9 in the decimal. Below are two matrices: one depicting values 0-99 in decimal numbers in order to compare with the next matrix depicting hexadecimal numbers 0-FF (decimal = 0-255)
If you don’t have a complete grasp on the whole numbering process with hexadecimal numbers, that’s completely understandable. The most important concept to grasp is the face that it’s like an extension on decimal numbers, which will help you in the next section.
Color by Numbers
RGB color values translate well when it comes to hexadecimal values. Hexadecimal values for color can be broken down into RGB’s respective color channels red, green, and blue. Each color gets a pair of hexadecimal values, equaling a range of 256 colors (FF, 0-255) per channel. If someone types a hexadecimal value of #000000, this means that no light is added to the value, thus resulting in the color black. On the opposite end of the spectrum, a value of #FFFFFF results in the color white. Why, you ask? It’s because we’re dealing with light. Remember, RGB values work in a similar fashion to how our eyes work. If the value is #000000, then that means all colors are being absorbed, but by adding values (hence the term additive colors), we get closer to white (#FFFFFF), which is all color channels equally emitted at their maximum range.
If we were to take a prism to #FFFFFF, this is what it would look like:
Each section has its own respective channel maxed out at FF (255), meaning that the most color for each channel was applied. Decreasing the value of a channel will darken the color because less light is being emitted. For example, this is what red would look like with #AA0000 values rather than #FF0000:
By understanding these basic principles of light and color, you’ll be able to create more accurate colors for your next upcoming digital project. For a more definitive post on CMYK color, check out our article on process and spot colors.